This work discusses the expanding use of the Internet in developing countries - a phenomenon that has gone hand-in-hand with rising rates of poverty, illiteracy and violence in these countries - and presents the project “Netizens, net-fringers and outsiders”, created by the author with the help of the Laboratório/Núcleo de Arte Eletrônica / PUC-Rio. We interviewed 120 people living in Rio de Janeiro regarding the use, applications and future of the Internet, and began to weave a network of identities, and a database of text, images and sounds, which originated an artistic and interactive work. In this article we discuss its aims, development and results.