Keywords Abstract
Nováková, Kateřina, Henri Achten, and Dana Matejovska. "A Design Studio Pedagogy for Experiments with Unusual Material, Collaboration and Web Communication." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 557-572.

In this paper we describe an experimental CAD design studio, where we study the influence of CAD tools and special materials on the process of designing. The studio has the following aims: teaching how to collaborate using an Internet facility, and exploring the relationship between computation, sketching and physical models. Interaction and sustainability are major themes in the design studio. We present the pedagogical approach and results of the design studio, followed by observations and conclusions.

Lim, Chor-Kheng. "A framework of CAD/CAM design and construction process for freeform architecture: a case study." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 301-318.

This research aims to analyze the design and construction process of the built freeform architectural projects and understand deeply the applications of the CAD/CAM media tools, and come up with a preliminary framework of an executable general CAD/CAM design and construction process in freeform architectural design.

Chok, Kermin, and Mark Donofrio. "Abstractions for information based design." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 233-256.

This paper discusses how live linkages between parametric geometry, structural analysis and optimization can be leveraged to explore an architectural massing from different perspectives of optimum assuming a set of cost and value characteristics. Broad performance measures such as program area, cladding surface and structural quantities were computed for each geometry variation and collected. Optimums from different perspectives (structure, developer, designer) were extracted for each height category and compared. To further inform and engage stakeholders, a variety of visualization and filtering techniques have been implemented. These new techniques and associated distillation of data aids the design team in understanding the design space. A script based approach towards geometry and data management has led to a shift towards active option evaluation and a more interactive approach to form exploration. A generic workflow for structural analysis, design and optimization has been implemented and this ability to engineer at a greater velocity will move the design profession towards a more collaborative and information based design environment.

Peters, Brady. "Acoustic Performance as a Design Driver: Sound Simulation and Parametric Modeling using SmartGeometry." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 337-358.

Acoustic performance is an inevitable part of architectural design. Our sonic experience is modified by the geometry and material choices of the designer. Acoustic performance must be understood both on the level of material performance and also at the level of the entire composition. With new parametric and scripting tools performance driven design is possible. Parametric design and scripting tools can be used to explore not only singular objectives, but gradient conditions. Acoustic performance is often thought of in terms of singular performance criteria. This research suggested acoustic design can be understood in terms of gradients and multiple performance parameters. Simulation and modelling techniques for computational acoustic prediction now allow architects to more fully engage with the phenomenon of sound and digital models can be studied to produce data, visualizations, animations, and auralizations of acoustic performance. SmartGeometry has promoted design methods and educational potentials of a performance-driven approach to architectural design through parametric modelling and scripting. The SmartGeometry workshops have provided links between engineering and architecture, analysis and design, they have provided parametric and scripting tools that can provide both a common platform, links between platforms, but importantly an intellectual platform where these ideas can mix. These workshops and conferences have inspired two projects that both used acoustic performance as a design driver. The Smithsonian Institution Courtyard Enclosure and the Manufacturing Parametric Acoustic Surfaces (MPAS) installation at SmartGeometry 2010 are presented as examples of projects that used sound simulation parametric modelling to create acoustically performance driven architecture.

Apolinário, Fabrizio E., Cristiana Corsi, Marco Gaiani, and Simone Baldissini. "An Integrated 3D Geodatabase for Palladio's Work." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 111-133.

The paper presents a novel digital 3D GIS web-based system entirely founded on Google Earth, built to offer a deep insight into Palladio's opera for restitution of its architectural surveys, reconstruction for historical reasons, analysis for structural and other options, and assembly and presentation of all certified Palladian documentation.The development of the application follows the philosophy of visual computing and it is based on an architectural knowledge representation.The information system is conceived as a typical Rich Internet Application and it is based on the digitalization of the complete Palladian corpus documentation implemented by the Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio (CISAAP).The 3D geodatabase system is, actually, in use at the Centro as the Palladian information system for researchers and in two expositions at Barbaran da Porto Palace in Vicenza, and at Villa Poiana at Poiana Maggiore, where is widely used by tourists for virtual visits to Palladian buildings.

Phan, Viet Toan, and Seung Yeon Choo. "Augmented Reality-Based Education and Fire Protection for Traditional Korean Buildings." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 1 (2010): 75-91.

This study examines an application of Augmented Reality technology (AR) for Korean Cultural Traditional Buildings, specifically, the Namdaemun Gate, “National Treasure No 1” of the Republic of Korea. Unfortunately, in February 2008, the Namdaemun Gate burned down, despite the efforts of many firemen, as the main difficulty was getting the fire under control without any structural knowledge of the wooden building. Hence, with the great advances in digital technology, an application of virtual technical information to traditional buildings is needed, and the new technology of AR offers many such advantages for digital architectural design and construction fields. While AR is already being considered as new design approach for architecture, outdoor AR is another practical application that can take advantage of new wearable computer equipment (Head-mounted display also know as HMD, position and orientation sensors, and mobile computing) to superimpose virtual graphics of traditional buildings (in this case, Namdaemun Gate) in a real outdoor scene. Plus, outdoor AR also allows the user to move freely around and inside a 3D virtual construction, thereby offering important training opportunities, for example, specific structural information in the case of firemen and mission planning in the case of a real-life emergency. In this example, the proposed outdoor AR system is expected to provide important educational information on traditional wooden building for architects, archaeologists, and engineers, while also assisting firemen to protect such special buildings.

Bravo, Germán, Rafael Villazón, Augusto Trujillo, and Mauricio Caviedes. "Authoring Tools for KOC - Concepts and Pedagogical Use." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 183-200.

One of the main problems of teachers aiming to teach the construction techniques used in to build a building is the lack of practical examples to show to their students. In order to be useful, these examples must come from real projects or even better the teachers may take their students to constructions sites, but this latter option is not always available and may be dangerous. To deal with this problem, Los Andes University has committed the construction of a knowledge repository containing information gathered from real projects and semantically described, in order to provide easy access to its content and in the language of people of construction. This project is called KOC, standing for Knowledge Objects of Construction, which uses an ontology to describe semantically the data contained in the repository. Being the pedagogical objective of the project, it is important to provide the teachers with additional tools to generate new knowledge objects, based on existing knowledge objects in the repository. This paper presents three composition tools for KOC: a complex objects composer issued from structured searches, a constructive processes composer and a case study composer, all of them aiming the improvement of learning quality in the technical area of building construction at the architecture and engineering schools. The paper also shows some examples of knowledge objects and how KOC is been used in the courses of the Architecture Department of Los Andes.

Budroni, Angela, and Jan Boehm. "Automated 3D Reconstruction of Interiors from Point Clouds." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 1 (2010): 55-73.

We present a new technique for the fully automated 3D modelling of indoor environments from a point cloud. The point cloud is acquired with several scans and is afterwards processed in order to segment planar structures, which have a noticeable architectural meaning (floor, ceiling and walls) in the interior. The basic approach to data segmentation is plane sweeping based on a hypothesis-and-test strategy. From the segmentation results, the ground plan is created through cell decomposition by trimming the two-dimensional ground space using half-space primitives. An extension in height of the ground contours makes the generation of the 3D model possible. The so-reconstructed indoor model is saved in CAD format for analysis and further applications or, simply, as a record of the interior geometry.

Salim, Flora Dilys, Hugo Mulder, and Przemyslaw Jaworski. "Collaborative Design and Live Interaction with Parametric Models using UbiMash." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 377-398.

Due to the complexity of parametric modelling, it has been the task of only a handful of experts in the design team to develop, build and modify parametric models. The complexity of parametric models increases exponentially with the number of design aspects it incorporates. The ambiguity of parametric models towards the modeled design intent explains that modifying the model is often isolated as an individual exercise. Developments in physical and ubiquitous computing, however, allow for collaboration and interaction with parametric models in other ways. Communication, coordination, and interaction between parametric models and the physical and social environment are the context of this paper. The paper describes some of the projects that were outcomes of the SmartGeometry 2010 workshops. These projects are dealing with mass collaboration using Twitter, tangible interfaces, parametric design and construction coordination and geometrical interpretation of datasets.

Aksamija, Ajla, and Ivanka Iordanova. "Computational Environments with Multimodal Representations of Architectural Design Knowledge." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 439-460.

This article discusses interaction between multimodal representations of architectural design knowledge, particularly focusing on relating explicit and implicit types of information. The aim of the presented research is to develop a computational environment that combines several modes of representation, including and integrating different forms of architectural design knowledge. Development of an interactive digital-models library and ontological model of architectural design factors are discussed, which are complementary in nature. In a time when BIM software is seen as embodiment of domain knowledge and the future medium of architectural design, this paper presents an interaction between ontological representation of architectural design knowledge and its embodiment in interactive models, thus focusing on the process of design and design space exploration. In the digital environments that we propose, representation of different formats of knowledge, such as visual, linguistic or numeric, are integrated with relational and procedural information, design rules, and characteristics. Interactive search and query based on contextual constraints, and parametric variation of the model based on the information received from ontology are the underlying drivers for design exploration and development.

Narahara, Taro. "Designing for Constant Change: an Adaptable Growth Model for Architecture." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 1 (2010): 29-40.

Design of universal components that can tolerate technological, environmental, and circumstantial changes over time is a challenge for an architect. In this paper, I would like to propose a scaled prototype of architectural components that can reconfigure themselves into globally functional configurations based on feedback from locally distributed intelligence embedded inside the component. The project aims at demonstrating a design system that can respond to dynamically changing environment over time without imposing a static blueprint of the structure in a top-down manner from the outset of design processes. The control of the subunits are governed by the logic of a distributed system simulated by the use of multiple microcontrollers, and appropriate geometrical configurations will be computationally derived based on physical-environmental criteria such as solar radiation from various sensors and social-programmatic issues.

Kotnik, Toni. "Digital Architectural Design as Exploration of Computable Functions." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 1 (2010): 01-16.

In recent decades, new methodologies have emerged in architectural design that exploit the computer as a design tool. This has generated a varied set of digital skills and a new type of architectural knowledge. However, up to now, a theoretical framework is missing that would allow for a comprehensive pedagogical agenda for the teaching of digital design in architecture. The present paper offers an attempt towards such a theoretical grounding based on the concept of computable functions. This approach results in an abstract and formal perspective on digital design that enables a grouping of contemporary digital design methods and an understanding of their logical relationship. On a theoretical level, it opens a path for the study of the mechanism that facilitates the transfer of concepts from various scientific disciplines into architecture.

Attar, Ramtin, Robert Aish, and Jos Stam. "Embedded Rationality: a Unified Simulation Framework for Interactive Form Finding." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 399-418.

This paper describes embedded rationality as a method for implicitly combining fabrication constraints into an interactive framework for conceptual design. While the concept of “embedded rationality” has been previously discussed in the context of a parametric design environment, we employ this concept to present a novel framework for dynamic simulation as a method for interactive form-finding. By identifying categories of computational characteristics, we present a unified physics-solver that generalizes existing simulations through a constraint-based approach. Through several examples we explore conceptual approaches to a fixed form where the resulting effects of interacting forces are produced in real-time. Finally, we provide an example of embedded rationality by examining a constraint-based model of fabrication rationale for a Planar Offset Quad (POQ) panelization system.

Brown, Andre, and Nicholas Webb. "Examination of the Designs by Auguste Perret Using Digitally-Enabled Forensic Techniques." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 537-555.

This paper discusses how digitally-enabled techniques can be used to augment our understanding of a designer's work, particularly in relation to unbuilt or lost projects. In the first half of the twentieth century Auguste Perret gained international recognition for his buildings and we employ two of his unbuilt museums as the basis for illustration of the technique. Current knowledge of his unbuilt projects is based on surviving literature and incomplete illustrations. We show that the use of digitally-enabled techniques facilitates a fuller examination of the original material. Interpretation of material requires parallel studies into the architect, their influences and the context they operated within in order to extrapolate and fill gaps in an informed way. The construction of various digital representations enables a forensic analysis of the projects, consequently we can produce a richer set of information that can, in turn, enhance our analysis and understanding of an architect and their work, in this case, Perret.

Pasold, Anke, and Isak Foged. "Function Follows Performance in Evolutionary Computational Processing-Vertical Evolution." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 525-536.

As the title “Function Follows Performance in Evolutionary Computational Processing” suggests, this paper explores the potentials of employing multiple design and evaluation criteria within one processing model in order to account for a number of performative parameters desired within varied architectural projects. At the core lies the formulation of a methodology that is based upon the idea of human and computational selection in accordance with pre-defined performance criteria that can be adapted to different requirements by the mere change of parameter input in order to reach location specific design solutions.

Muslimin, Rizal. "Interweaving Grammar: Reconfiguring Vernacular Structure Through Parametric Shape Grammar." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 93-110.

This paper re-examines the interweaving method to demonstrate how architectural computation can reinterpret the advantages of this traditional crafting techniques for its geometrical compatibility and rule generativity. Firstly, the technique analyzes and reconfigures load distribution of a traditional interwoven surface to mimic its structural principle. Secondly, from this structural reconfiguration, the study applies parametric shape grammar to define interweaving rules. The rules generate various patterns with rigid local materials that fit the size of human hand. The experiment in this study shows that interweaving grammar can generate ornamental-structural components with three different load distributions, three different segmented materials and in three different spatial dimensions (point, line and plane).

Tourre, Vincent, and Francis Miguet. "Lighting Intention Materialization with a Light-Based Parametric Design Model." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 507-524.

How the inverse lighting methods could help the architectural design? We address this issue with an original light-based parametric design model dedicated to the architectural design. This model associates the parametric design approach with the lighting intentions expressed by the architects. It has been implemented thanks to an inverse lighting technique in a tool intended to aid the design of the windows and the shading devices in the early stages of architectural design. This model is used in a performative design approach onto the dome of the Louvre Abu Dhabi museum in order to define the transparency property of the dome.

Grobman, Yasha Jacob, Abraham Yezioro, and Isaac Guedi Capeluto. "Non-Linear Architectural Design Process." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 1 (2010): 41-54.

The introduction of the computer to the architectural design process have facilitated the possibility to examine a large number of design alternatives by allowing continuous variation between pre defined constraints. However, for the most part, evaluation and comparison of the alternatives is still handled manually in a linear fashion by the designer. This paper introduces a different approach to the architectural design process, which calls for a multithreaded or a non-linear design process. In a non-linear design process design directions and alternatives are generated, presented and evaluated simultaneously, and in real time. As an example for a non-linear design process the Generative Performance Oriented Design model and software tool (GenPOD) are presented and discussed. Moving towards non-linear modes of design arguably increases design creativity by allowing generating and evaluating a greater number and variation of design alternatives.

Holzer, Dominik. "Optioneering in Collaborative Design Practice." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 165-182.

The discourse about computational support of collaborative architectural design has in recent years mainly focused on the topic of Building Information Modelling (BIM). In this paper, the method of “optioneeringi is presented that, in contrast to current BIM capabilities, assists designers and consultants to resolve design problems through integrated analyses across disciplines in the early stages of design. Although the method of “optioneering” has only recently been adapted in building practice, it has been preceded by manifold efforts by researchers in the field of design and computation over the past two decades.At the end of this paper the computational framework “DesignLink” will be discussed. “DesignLink” supports “optioneering“ in the design stages before BIM becomes effective and it is currently being developed and used to support performance optimisation of building projects in practice.

Park, Kat, and Nicholas Holt. "Parametric Design Process of a Complex Building in Practice Using Programmed Code as Master Model." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 359-376.

Parameter based design explorations inevitably require a unified master model that represents the current design state, where each parameter being explored is essentially a critical sub-case of this master model. Throughout the constantly changing design state, it is beneficial to maintain a master model that is flexible and adaptive. This paper describes the design process of a complex building whose master model documented the design logic through implementation of software code. This process is illustrated by the case study of Lotte Super Tower (Seoul, Korea) from the beginning of schematic design to end of construction document phase. By maintaining the master model as a platform-free software code, in contrast to platform-dependent methods, the case study illuminates the advantages of documenting the generative logic behind design variations in a way that allows greater flexibility and a higher level of alignment with design intent.

Chevrier, Christine, Nathalie Charbonneau, Pierre Grussenmeyer, and Jean-Pierre Perrin. "Parametric Documenting of Built Heritage: 3D Virtual Reconstruction of Architectural Details." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 135-150.

This paper examines 3D modelling of architectural elements with the help of parametric components. Such components may be useful within the framework of projects dealing with virtual 3D reconstruction of heritage monuments. Architectural components of the built heritage often have complex geometry. We studied the various geometrical shapes of a given architectural element, representative of a specific period and place. This study allowed us to identify the parameters and to implement parametric objects (in Maya Environment [1]). We also developed a Graphical User Interface (GUI) to answer the user's needs while generating the 3D model representing the architectural element. Within this GUI, the user is able to make adjustments with the help of laser point clouds from laserscanning, 2D plans or photographs. We exemplify our method with a case study dealing with openings and lintels. The corpus under study consists of elements of the built heritage of Montreal (Canada) and Nancy (France).

"Parametric Performative Systems: Designing a Bioclimatic Responsive Skin." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 279-300.

This paper assumes the façade as an innovative element of interaction between the inside and the outside: the architectural skin. As in nature, one of its most significant functions is the energy exchange with the environment. Similarly, efficiency increases by passive and active responses to climate conditions and site orientation. This research explores the potential of parametric techniques, programming and digital manufacturing, to design and build a Bioclimatic Responsive Skin (BRS). Firstly, we designed a bio-component applicable to any surface due to its parametric nature. Secondly, we fabricated two non-reactive working prototypes to study the manufacturing and construction details. Thirdly, we integrated the physical and the digital interfaces by using Generative Components™, Arduino, and Ubimash to generate a kinetic responsive model. This prototype was presented at SmartGeometry Workshop and Conference 2010. Finally, Lem3a architecture used this BRS in a real design project for a Sustainable house in New Hope, PA.

Rolvink, Anke, Roel Straat, and Jeroen Coenders. "Parametric Structural Design and beyond." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 319-336.

In order to directly make insightful which implications follow from structural design changes and to be able to adapt a structural design quickly to geometrical design changes made by the architect, the structural engineer may embed a parametric and associative design approach in the structural design process. This approach focuses on parametric modelling and the development of parametric tools which serve specific needs in the structural design process, allowing designers for instance to quickly communicate and discuss alternatives or to inform design team members of structural results of changing design parameters. The paper presents multiple projects within these categories of parametric approaches. They are concentrated on design and analysis with the goal of presenting practical examples of these approaches in structural design which were integrated in the full design process in order to benefit from the qualities of a multi-disciplinary parametric and associative design process.

Wurzer, Gabriel. "Schematic Systems - Constraining Functions Through Processes (and Vice Versa)." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 201-217. We propose a novel computer-based design method for planning process-driven buildings which extends the traditional architectural schema to include processes. Each function in the schema can be tied to a process, giving us the ability to find (1.) functions that are not present in any process (2.) processes that lack some of their required functions. As benefit of our approach, we can keep functional program and process models of the building consistent and help bridge the communication gap between process planners and architects, simulating the entered processes as we go along.
Llach, Daniel. "Shift+Design: Scripts and Other Design Artifacts." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 1 (2010): 17-28. Beyond the debate about the possible advantages of the automation of time-consuming drafting tasks, or of the expressive qualities that emerge from the use of scripts in architectural design, this article posits the idea that scripts constitute a new kind of “design artifacti, reconfiguring a designer's engagement with a design problem. By examining how scripts destabilize dominant conceptions of architectural representations as figural descriptions the article delineates the ongoing emergence of a performative and computational epistemology of architectural design.
Hladik, Pavel, and Clive Lewis. "Singapore National Stadium Roof." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 3 (2010): 257-278. The case study focuses on design of the Singapore National Stadium roof and its architectural and structural constraints. The dialog between performance form generation and aesthetics was challenged through several design iterations and is critically reviewed in this paper. The collaboration of engineers and architects gave a form to this significant building that was slightly changed several times due to various conditions. The complex shape of the dome structure was resolved in one parametric model that could react on aesthetical and structural requirements. The landmark roof structure generated in computer had to be evaluated by designers and presented to decision making bodies.
Din, Edouard, and Athanassios Economou. "Surface Symmetries: the Smith House Revisited." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 485-505. This work proposes the use of partial order lattices along with represent-ational schemes to account for patterns of ambiguity and emergence in the description of designs. The complexity of such designs is viewed as an aggregation of spatial layers that can all be decomposed by the subgroup relations of the symmetry of the configuration. At the end, this methodology points to a combinatorial approach that generates visual prototypes for future use in design synthesis. Here, Meieris work is just a case study that validates the group theoretical approach.
Jacobus, Frank, Jay McCormack, and Josh Hartung. "The Chair Back Experiment: Hierarchical Temporal Memory and the Evolution of Artificial Intelligence in Architecture." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 151-164. Computational synthesis tools that automatically generate solutions to design problems are not widely used in architectural practice despite many years of research. This deficiency can be attributed, in part, to the difficulty of constructing robust building specific databases. New advances in artificial intelligence such as Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) have the potential to make the construction of these databases more realistic in the near future. Based on an emerging theory of human neurological function, HTMs excel at ambiguous pattern recognition. This paper includes a first experiment using HTMs for learning and recognizing patterns in the form of visual style characteristics in three distinct chair back types. Results from the experiment indicate that HTMs develop a similar storage of quality to humans and are therefore a promising option for capturing multi-modal information in future design automation efforts.
Oxman, Rivka. "The New Structuralism: Conceptual Mapping of Emerging Key Concepts in Theory and Praxis." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 419-438. The New Structuralism focuses upon the potential of novel design processes to return architecture to its material sources. A theoretical research presents how the structuring, encoding, and fabricating of material systems are contributing to a new material practice which demands a theoretical foundation comprehensive enough to integrate emerging theories, methods and technologies in design. Selected research works supports shared geometrical, structural and manufacturing representations and processes relevant to The New Structuralism are selected and reviewed. DDNET (Digital Design NETwork) is proposed as a conceptual structure which attempts to relate the body of these findings with theoretical constructs such as key concepts, models, techniques, technologies and leading precedents associated with The New Structuralism.
Erhan, Halil, Nahal Salmasi, and Robert F. Woodbury. "ViSA: a Parametric Design Modeling Method to Enhance Visual Sensitivity Control and Analysis." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 4 (2010): 461-483. The ability of parametric computer-aided design systems to generate models rapidly enables designers to explore the downstream impacts of changes to key design parameters. However, the typical modeling functions provided in the parametric systems can become insufficient when such exploration is needed for increasingly complex parametric design models. Main challenges for exploration that we observed are control and analysis of changes on the design model and in particular, when they are introduced continuously. The system interfaces and the human-visual perception system alleviate these challenges. In this study, we demonstrate ViSA, a Visual Sensitivity Analysis method that aims to make the effects of change within a parametric model controllable, measurable and apparent for designers. The approach aims to improve visually analyzing the sensitivity of a design model to planned parametric changes. The method proposes customizable control and visualization features in the model that are decoupled from each other at the design level, while providing interfaces between them through parametric associations. We present findings from our case studies in addition to the results of a user study demonstrating the applicability and limitations of the proposed method.
Koutamanis, Alexander. "W.J. Mitchell - in Celebration of an Approach." International Journal of Architectural Computing 8, no. 2 (2010): 223-231. Among the founding fathers of architectural computing, the late W.J. Mitchell was arguably the one who managed to capture the imagination of the younger generations through overviews and insights that described the backgrounds and scope of the area in a way that was suitable for novices as well as people outside the area. Calling such overviews successful popularization is only part of the truth. More importantly, they formulate a coherent and comprehensive approach that allowed Mitchell to move between eras and contexts without loosing focus or sacrificing fundamental priorities. It is an approach that remains valid and usable, a source of inspiration and understanding for future generations in the area.