Keywords Abstract
Donath, Dirk, and Frank Petzold. "A Digital Way of Planning Based on Information Surveying." In CAAD Futures 1997: Conference Proceedings, 183-188. CAAD Futures. München, Germany, 1997. The aim of this project is to develop a software system for generating complex digital models of existing buildings and structures, i.e. in the broadest sense a computer-supported surveying and management system for existing buildings. The built environment is registered by surveying a series of geometrical and building relevant information broken down into different levels of abstraction. The recorded data consists of a variety of geometric, multimedia and verbal - less structured - pieces of information. The starting point for developing such a system is both an analysis and reworking of the methods used in architectural surveying, and the evaluation and use of current techniques and tools in the field of computer applications.
van Leeuwen, Jos, and Harry Wagter. "Architectural Design-By-Features." In CAAD Futures 1997: Conference Proceedings, 97-115. CAAD Futures. München, Germany, 1997. Design tasks, in particular architectural design tasks, have been found hard to support by means of computers. The main reason for this is that design is a problem solving process, which requires a dynamic way of handling information involved in the design process. The research presented in this paper focuses on this aspect of CAAD: the support of design tasks with dynamic, flexible information modelling techniques. The basic concepts for the developed approach is taken from the field of Feature-based modelling. We briefly review these concepts and then interpret and transport them to the context of architectural design. In defining types of Features, a distinction is made between domain-specific Features and generic Features for which we propose a classification. A framework for the definition and modelling of Features is discussed as well as a prototype Feature-based Modelling Shell based on this framework.
Huang, Jeffrey, and Spiro Pollalis. "Knowledge, Agency, and Design Information Systems." In CAAD Futures 1997: Conference Proceedings, 481-488. CAAD Futures. München, Germany, 1997. This paper addresses CAAD from an organizational point of view. We employ recent developments in organizational economics to model the organizational processes in building design. Based on an analysis of (i) the cost of transferring knowledge, and (ii) agency cost in existing design organizations, we propose a framework for redesigning organizational processes and for developing appropriate design information systems. The paper describes work on a larger ongoing research project at the Harvard Design School on intra- and interorganizational design information systems.
Watanabe, Shun, and Kiichiro Komatsu. "The Distributed Architectural Model for Co-Operative Design." In CAAD Futures 1997: Conference Proceedings, 565-570. CAAD Futures. München, Germany, 1997. Collaborative design has become one of the most significant topics in the field of design science and computing. Many studies have been made on proposing methods of collaborative design computing from various points of view. In this paper, the latest technological approach in the field of computer science is taken to illustrate future design systems. The distributed architectural model is proposed to support collaborative and concurrent design. I will begin by discussing existing methods for design collaboration, and I will also mention the CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) specifications for the framework of the distributed computing environment. The semantic/presentation split basis is introduced as the essential for developing distributed applications, and the strategy for adapting AKM (Architectural Knowledge-representation Model) to this basis will also be considered. Then I will introduce the sample implementation of our distributed architectural model in the Distributed Smalltalk environment, and also explain IDL (Interface Definition Language) interface of architectural objects.