Keywords Abstract
Connell, Dermot. "An Educational Strategy for CAAD and its Implementation in a New System with a Sophisticated Interface." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, I1-I19. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. Reasons are examined for the slower uptake of CAD in architecture than in engineering. An appropriate response to Computer-Aided Architectural Design is overdue from the educational sector. Schools of Architecture should put CAAD to the forefront in their plans, taking an ambitious long-term view and aiming for high-quality system design to anticipate the industry's drive to produce first-class equipment progressively more cheaply. Schools should press for changes in the way facilities are supplied to them. They should discard obsolete software, buy software commercially, stick to what they can do best, and plan for concomitant changes across the curriculum. A new CAAD system with the emphasis on the design interface being implemented in UCD School of Architecture is briefly described.
David, B., and A. Décoppet. "Architectural Programming with CAD." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, II23-II35. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. We would like to explain to you the programme for a ten-week workshop spending ten hours per week on the architectural programming of a particular project. We have developed a special methodology which is a synthesis between Architectural Programming Methodology and Integrated CAD Methodology and have used it on two occasions. We would like to describe our experience with this workshop.
Billon, R., and R. Rocca. "Comprendre KEOPS: Logiciel de conception assistee par ordinateur en architecture." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, III19-III35. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. En informatique graphique, la méthode la plus courante pour saisir un bátiment consiste  decrire et  stocker en base de données les “pleins”: les murs, planchers, composants. Cette procédure est vite fastidieuse, et ne permet pas réellement une véritable conception assistée par ordinateur. KEOPS expérimente une autre méthode qui consiste  décrire l'esquisse par ses “vides”, c'est--dire les volumes des locaux en trois dimensions. Le logiciel opre automatiquement la transformation “filaire” en composants et ouvrages du bátiment en exploitant un savoir technologique. Le benéfice? La réduction spectaculaire du temps de saisie et un logiciel de C.A.O. enfin opérationnel en bátiment.
Bridges, Alan. "Course Description - University of Strathclyde - Msc in Building Science (Computer Aided Building Design)." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, I40-I51. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. This paper describes a one-year postgraduate course in computer-aided building design. The course structure is outlined, together with the resources required to run such a course. Details of the course modules are given in an appendix. 
Foque, R., and R. Hashimshony. "Experience of a Design Exercise, Making Use of the Programs: Goal, Bible and Gloss (Developed by Abacus)." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, II1-II9. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. A 6 weeks (2 days a week) design exercise, making use of the above programs, was held the last bimester in the Faculty of Architecture in TH Delft. This exercise was an experimental one for the students, as well as for the teachers. As the exercise had an experimental character, it is clear that a lot should be learned from that experience, both from its positive and negative outcomes. The paper will try to evaluate on this point for the benefit of those intending to set up similar projects.
Cullen, Ian. "Expert Systems in Architectural and Planning Education." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, IV1-IV15. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. The paper discusses the problems and possibilities of a project initiated recently within the Bartlett in the general area of knowledge engineering. The aim is to assemble a set of knowledge bases which may be explored interactively by students. The system will differ from traditional CAL packages in that it will be both problem oriented - designed to extract from the students the information required to reach a specific decision - and capable of providing an explanation of its approach at any point.
Smeltzer, Geert. "Integration of Design Methods, Industrial Engineering and Informatics." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, I20-I28. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. With the composition of a new CAD education plan the opportunity presents itself to enter into new, valuable relationships with other faculties or faculty-units, at present already working in specific fields as computing or designing. Certain aspects, which are important for CAD-Education, have already been taught for a longer period before CAD became a special, recognized part in the curriculum of the faculty. Because the university cannot afford duplication anymore, and because a unit concerned with CAD cannot have all the necessary knowhow of all specialities at its own disposal, it is an important task of that unit to integrate relevant parts or aspects of faculty or unit-curricula.
Marijke, Mollaert. "Interactivity and Graphics as a Support for the Design of Cable Nets and Trusses." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, IV26-IV41. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. This paper deals with an important aspect concerning the quality of a computer aided design (CAD) program, namely the human-computer interface. To fix the ideas,the user interface of FORCE, a program for the design and visualisation of cable nets and trusses, is considered The new design of this user interface was necessary to support an easy extension of the dialogue, both alpha-numerical and graphical. The new approach includes a separation of the interaction procedures and the application modules.
Musso, Arne. "Justifying Designs." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, 9-Jan. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. A distinction is made between non-justified (not'unjustified') and justified designs. A good justification requires that a description of the solution space and a rule for selecting one solution should be given. The old but rarely used concept of the planning model is described and it is stressed that it is a useful aid when justifying design decisions. A simple example is presented to illustrate the method. It is pointed out that the use of computers can be helpful when dealing with large solution spaces, complicated evaluation rules and high demands on the quality of the justification. An increasing demand for design justification is observed, which may result in increased computer application. The hope is expressed that planning models will be used in this connection for better communication.
Laing, L.. "Simulation of the Emergency Evacuation of Buildings in the Event of Fire." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, II10-II22. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. The paper describes an application of CAAD techniques by Final Year architecture students using the computer program AIR-Q to dynamically simulate the emergency evacuation of people from a multi-storey department store. This is presented in the context of a fire emergency and reference made to the local Building Regulations which govern the size and location of fire exits. It is suggested that the technique not only provides students and designers with an easily assimilated understanding of the consequences of design decisions but also allows alternative design solutions to be quickly compared in a search for the optional design strategy. The exercise also demonstrates, to the students, the logic behind the rules contained in the Fire Regulations while demonstrating possible weaknesses and inadequacies of the empirical approach that these regulations are constrained to adopt.
Willey, David, and P. Bedford. "Teaching CAAD at Plymouth Polytechnic." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, I30-I40. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. This paper will describe the policy and objectives for teaching CAAD in the Plymouth School of Architecture and outline the relationship between taught lecture courses in CAAD and the use of CADD in studio projects. It will also indicate the nature the problems raised by this approach with respect to timetable assessment, staff and machine resources, training and program documentation.
Hall, R.N.. "The Use of Gable OMS (Object Modelling System) in the Building Design ProcessThe Use of Gable OMS (Object Modelling System) in the Building Design Process." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, III1-III18. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. GABLE CAD SYSTEMS comprise a suite of integrated sub-systems, one of which is OMS. The use of OMS in the development of a building design enables three dimensional graphical modelling of objects associated with buildings. Thus furniture, fittings and fixtures may be located within any room in a building or outside a building or in relation to other groups of objects unrelated to a building. Once located, objects and building may be seen in 2D plan and elevation/section projection or 3D projection (perspectives, axonometrics, isometrics, etc.). In this way furniture, people, cars, trees,landscape objects may all be modelled and graphically represented in addition to the modelling capabilities enabled using GABLE BMS (Building Modelling System). These graphically represented 2D and 3D views of objects can then be passed into GABLE IDS for further embellishment, annotation or dimensioning to produce detailed working drawings.
Fregier, Marius. "TRANSFORMATION PIPES: a model to manipulate data, using graphical interaction, based on transformation pipes, between the graphical devices and a data base." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, IV16-IV25. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. Conditions of the manipulation of data, using a high level of graphical interaction within a data base in computer aided architectural design, are examined. A so called “TRANSFORMATION PIPES” model (data structure and processes) is described, its goal being to carry out the communications from the graphical devices to the data base and vice versa.
Bernard, Yves, and Albert Dupagne. "Volume: a computer Program for building Modelisation and Manipulation." In Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe: European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education, III70-III79. eCAADe: Conferences. Brussels, Belgium, 1983. We describe a computer program VOLUME for interactive 3D modelling of building which can be used in many problems (heat losses calculations, architectural evaluation,...) where a geometric representation is required. The program is more than a tool to input a geometry: it is also a tool for design, manipulations are very easy and many design solutions can be tried. We then discuss about developments for improving the quality of that tool in the design process.