Keywords Abstract
Hellgardt, Michael, and Sourav Kundu. "A Frame for Experimentation with Shape- grammars in Architectural Education." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 187-198. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. ATN's (Augmented Transition Networks) are an appropriate tool for the representation of architectural shape grammars. The application of this frame in stages of shape grammar codification is resumed. Problems of rule definition and of the connection to existing CAD software are raised. The paper is evaluated in the light of problems raised in the introduction and of what is understood in this respect by an Added Value of Computer Aided Architectural Design.
Molinari, Claudio, and Cinzia Talamo. "A Hypertextual Didactic Tool for a Maintenance Oriented Design." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 263-275. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. This paper presents a research concerning the theme of the support didactic tools for a maintenance oriented design. The work takes a starting point in two remarks: the first is the importance of maintainability requirements prevision for the correct planning of a project and for the formulation of maintenance strategies, the second is the lack of information (examples, references, laws, quality and performance plans) easily available for students and designers. The tool thas has been pointed out has the aim to provide the information - belonging to different categories of knowledge - useful for a maintainability conscious design, according the free navigation modalities tipical of hypertextual applications. Starting from a matrix that associates building subsistems and maintainability requirements the student has the possibility to navigate into a network in which it is possible to have information about: european laws concerning maintenance, examples (drawings, pictures and description) of architectures and of industrial components that regard particular maintainability solutions and a plan in which are schematized the appropriate dimensions and the morfological configurations for the maintenance activities. This hypertextual didactic tool has two different educational applications: 1) during design training courses, it can support in self-training about maintenance aspects, 2) it can become a specialistic module inside an integrated CAAD system developed to combine the graphic representation with different performances evalutions.
Maver, Thomas W.. "Added Value for CAAD in Education Highlights of an Exciting 25 years." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 67-81. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The history of CAAD is just 25 years. In that short span of time the subject has advanced from the minority time hobby of a very few academics to a multi-billion ECU industry. This presentation highlights four areas of application of Information Technology to the education of architects and anticipates how these applications will impact on practice.
Völker, Harry, and Mathias Schwenk. "Approaching a New Methodology: Integrated Architectural Design on the Basis of 3D Computer Models." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 369-380. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The traditional way of architectural design leads to some shortcomings with respect to the quality of the design and the efficiency of the design process. Therefore possibilities for improvements have to be considered. In order to come to fundamental improvements the application of advanced computer technology in the field of architecture has to be coordinated with improvements in the area of design methodologies. In this paper we suggest a new methodology for architectural design. It is based on an integrated manner of designing. Despite some early design steps the whole design process is executed on the basis of a 3D model which is handled by means of computers. The central data objects in the design process are the different types of models. The models contain all relevant information generated in the design process. A comparison of our approach with the traditional way of designing illustrates the potential of the new methodology.
Kokosalakis, Jen. "C AD VANTAGE for Communities, Professionals and Students." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 235-254. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. I propose to consider how added value for professionals, and the consumers of their buildings and students of these processes might be attained. Through the vehicle of new technologies including the humble'CAD'system a fuller collaboration in design decision-making is aided through representation of 3 dimensional design ideas and their comprehension from different'vantage'points. Thus computing may enhance opportunity for more informed dialogue involving verbal and visual responses between the intentions of the architect and client and promise to open up more of the architectural design process to participation by the building consumers, bringing advantage'to all actors in the design process. More liberated sketching at the system is becoming evident as programmers, and users'skills adapt to the search for more enabling, creative and easier tools, procedures and interfaces freeing responsiveness to consumer wishes. Reflection from clients and practitioners brings hope that a more informed dialogue is enabled through computer supported designing. The beginnings of CAAD support to community groups acts as a facilitator. Contacting and working with community groups follows effective'Community Development'precedents established in the Liverpool of the sixties, to contact, activate, enable and provide necessary skill supports for community-driven striving for resolution of housing problems. Results of this, ploughed back into CAD teaching for Environmental Planners, brings increased awareness and visualisation of environmental, architectural and human issues and promises to begin a new cycle of more informed participation for citizens, architects, planners and consultants.
Jakimowicz, Adam. "CAAD and Architecture - Fields of Transformation." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 227-234. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. Thinking of using computers in architecture, we have probably already learnt that there is much more than just one general way of doing so. At the same time, the general description of the field - i.e. the'title'Computer Aided Architectural Design'has become a rhetorical figure - actually it covers much more activities than those just aiding design. To some extent computers change architecture introducing new values into it. This does not mean that they change architecture at all, but these new values begin to exist pararelly to the already present and accepted ones. In such sense architecture is changed - one of the possible branches of development is the one related to computers (no matter how complex this branch itself is).
Pittioni, Gernot. "CAD as Interaction Instrument Between Planning Partners." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 277-286. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. CAD has been developing rapidly to a widely used and widely spread instrument equally in architectural studios as well as in most offices of the engineering planning partners. This paper tries to submit an impression of difficulties and advantages by introducing CAD as interaction tool. An outlook on future aspects will be given.
van Helvoort, Rob. "Drawing with Pencil, Pen and Mouse ." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 363-368. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The traditional way of architectural design leads to some shortcomings with respect to the quality of the design and the efficiency of the design process. Therefore possibilities for improvements have to be considered. In order to come to fundamental improvements the application of advanced computer technology in the field of architecture has to be co-ordinated with improvements in the area of design methodologies. In this paper we suggest a new methodology for architectural design. It is based on an integrated manner of designing. Despite some early design steps the whole design process is executed on the basis of a 3D model which is handled by means of computers. The central data objects in the design process are the different types of models. The models contain all relevant information generated in the design process. A comparison of our approach with the traditional way of designing illustrates the potential of the new methodology.
De Buhren, Christian. "Expertise CAO et Conseil Organisationnel: diagnostic precautions gestion du changement." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 163-186. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997.
Brunetta, Vincent. "EXPLORER a Procedural Modeler Based on Architectural Knowledge." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 125-133. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997.
Hendricx, Ann, and Ann Heylighen. "From Literacy to Creativity in CAAD." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 213-226. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The course on CAAD at the K.U. Leuven is part of the course on design methodology and theory from which it is the most recent and natural extension. Attached to this course a series of assignments has been developed which bring the students in 45 hours to a non-trivial level of acquaintance with CAAD. Rather then mimic the traditional pencil- and paper approach, the exercises encourage students to explore additional design opportunities that a drawing board cannot offer. In this way, the practical part goes beyond a mere preparation for practice. The assignments are built on top of AutoCAD to which we have added in-house developments in order to focus on specific educational goals within a very limited time. The paper presents and comments these assignments and shows results from the last 2 years.
Klercker, Af. "Implementation of IT and CAD - what can Architect schools do?" In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 83-92. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. In Sweden representatives from the Construction industry have put forward a research and development program called: “IT-Bygg 2002 -Implementation”. It aims at making IT the vehicle for decreasing the building costs and at the same time getting better quality and efficiency out of the industry. A seminar was held with some of the most experienced researchers, developers and practitioners of CAD in construction in Sweden. The activities were recorded and annotated, analysed and put together afterwards, then presented to the participants to agree on. Co-operation is the key to get to the goals - IT and CAD are just the means to improve it. Co-operation in a phase of implementation is enough problematic without the technical difficulties in using computer programs created by the computer industry primarily for commercial reasons. The suggestion is that cooperation between software companies within Sweden will make a greater market to share than the sum of all individual efforts. In the short term, 2 - 5 years, implementation of CAD and IT will demand a large amount of educational efforts from all actors in the construction process. In the process of today the architect is looked upon as a natural coordinator of the design phase. In the integrated process the architect's methods and knowledge are central and must be spread to other categories of actors - what a challenge! At least in Sweden the number of researchers and educators in CAAD is easily counted. How do we make the most of it?
Asanowicz, Alexander. "Incompatible Pencil - Chance for Changing in Design Process." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 93-101. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The existing Caad systems limit designers creativity by constraining them to work with prototypes provided by the system's knowledge base. Most think of computers as drafting machines and consider CAAD models as merely proposals for future buildings. But this kind of thinking (computers as simple drafting machines) seems to be a way without future. New media demands new process and new process demands new media. We have to give some thougt to impact of CAAD on the design process and in which part of it CAAD can add new value. In this paper there will be considered two ways of using of computers. First - creation of architectural form in an architect's mind and projects visualisation with using renderings, animation and virtual reality. In the second part - computer techniques are investigated as a medium of creation. Unlike a conventional drawing the design object within computer has a life of its own. In computer space design and the final product are one. Computer creates environments for new kind of design activities. In fact, many dimensions of meaning in cyberspace have led to a cyberreal architecture that is sure to have dramatic consequences for the profession.
Hellgardt, Michael, Wouter Klinkenbijl, and Sourav Kundu. "Objective casualty - an experiment with recognition and emergence in design practice." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 199-211. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. Experimentation with an algorithm in practice is presented. Pattern recognition and emergence is controlled through user dialog in this experiment. The next step is to teach the machine to clone human perceptional performances involved with that. Some basic experi- mentation in this field, which is partially inspired by Hofstadters more recent work, is reported. The transcription of the algorithm applied in practice into an ATN (Augmented Transition Network) to be evaluated exhaustively or by means of directed search is presented. Finally problems of connections between the formalisms presented and commercial software are discussed.
Rychter, Zenon. "Objectware: from C++ towards CAD++." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 287-297. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. Objectware is software supporting the object-oriented paradigm. Object orientation controls complexity through thinking in natural terms. The approach unifies all stages of complex system development: analysis, design, and programming. It applies to software design, from operating systems to CAD packages, as well as all fields of engineering design, CAD based or not. The paper discusses what next generation CAD, object-oriented CAD or CAD++ will be like by studying the philosophy behind the C++ object-oriented programming language, which most CAD++ software developers use.
Sariyildiz, Sevil, Sanja Durmisevic, and Jasmina Ploco. "Pattern Grammar within the Language of Architecture." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 299-311. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. Technology plays an important role in the design and designing process, influencing the architectural expressions and giving an impulse to new developments of architectural language. It has been allways the stimulating push for the generation of new concepts, spaces and technics in architectural design. Especially the developments, in the field of material technology and construction industry. Lately, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) pledge to have an important impact on designing practice as well as a part of the technological developments. In order to widen the application of CAAD in designers realm, it is necessary to interpose new design tools and methods. This means introducing CAAD more as a “designing tool” and making its employment feasible from the very first stages of design process - during the conceptual phase. Pattern Grammars, which we will introduce in this paper is such a method that provides support to designers, architects and urban planners. These patterns, based on complex 3D spatial geometrical polyhedra and polytopes, when generated, have form and structure at the same time. Parallel with geometry creation, aspects such as accessibility, functionality and integrity of a building should be taken in consideration as well. Working with pattern grammar within CAAD environment, enables faster generating of concepts and examination of spatial qualities, offering at the same time higher standards of design flexibility and enormous variety. It also introduces new design approaches to stimulate the innovative ideas concerning the design. This, altogether, represents an added value of CAAD.
Stegen, Guido. "Space Syntax, an Inspiring Design-Tool." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 343-361. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The space syntax system which is presented in this paper has been developed to help the designer to evaluate and to define the form of complex spatial environments, especially the urban structures. The system has a double nature. On the one hand, it is a way to consider those environments. On the other hand, it includes a computerized model which calculates, on the basis of morphological properties of the spatial environment, several output- variables which represent measure, in which certain urban phenomena are spatially distributed. Instances of urban phenomena are: circulation, framing, functions, population. These correlations oblige the designer to take into account those urban facets at every stage of the project. The disciplinary fragmentation is then made very difficult for him. Besides, the contradictions or incompatibilities from local-global interests become an integral part of the urbanity. Those correlations re-open also a track which seemed to be abandoned - the one of the functionality of the urban and architectural structures - and, therefore, force the designers to confront their social responsibilities. All this has been made possible thanks to a categorical revision of what is essentially the city. According to the theoretical framework of Space Syntax, environments are above all considered as a distributive system of spaces and less of buildings.
Cartney, Kevin, and Andrew Jacobs. "Testing the Benefits of Animation." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 255-262. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. This paper presents the results of an attempt to empirically test the hypothesis that expanding the range of graphic formats used in architectural communication can lead to an increase in effectiveness. To be specific, the comprehension of users was tested to measure the effectiveness of computer generated animation in comparison with still images. The dynamic functioning of a natural ventilation system was explained to two matched groups of building users. The explanation was presented in an animated video to one group and in still images to the other group. Immediately after viewing the group which viewed the animated version demonstrated a superior comprehension in a multiple-choice questionnaire test.
Madrazo, Leandro. "The Added Value of CAAD for Education." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, Nov-37. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. This paper summarize a teaching project carried out at the Chair of Architecture and CAAD, ETH Zurich, its aim has been to integrate computers into architectural design education. Here the theoretical bases of the different courses are outlined and the exercises described. Some reflections based on the experience of teaching these courses are also presented. In all, this pedagogic work demonstrates the need to create an appropriate conceptual framework so that computers can be used in a meaningful way throughout architectural design education.
Bartnicka, Malgorzata. "The Animal, Full Blood maybe, but Untamed." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 103-108. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. So far yet, even the most advanced technology has not been able to substitute a human, his thoughts, feelings, dreams, longings, visions. It can though, removing need for all kind of effort from our everyday life, surrounding a human with unprecedented comfort, create feeling of peace and security. Task of a computer is to provide assistance, helping in calculations, forming of refined solids, It contains a compendium of knowledge and memory - but not creative skills. So far it's only a machine, with help of which a possibility of creative expression is expanded. It only can solve problems for a human faster and more efficient way, does not have the ability to describe (formulate) problems. Even while providing a support, does it do that honestly? It means, does it support us in those of our doings where we truly need it? Computers have enormous possibilities of use that are not exploited sufficiently and all the time new generations of yet quicker machines with unbelievable power are being created. Every new type of computer appears to be obsolete and insufficient within a few months. Insufficient for what?
Sariyildiz, Sevil, and Mathias Schwenk. "The CIAD-System - Multimedia Teachware as a Driving Force for CAAD." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 329-342. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. Software systems for educational purposes have been developed and used in many application areas. In this paper we will describe a development in the field of architecture and building science. CIAD is a teachware system directed to be used in the education of students of architecture as well as a tool that gives a survey to architects and engineers in the practice. In the first place it provides information about the use of computer science technologies in the building design process. Furthermore, information about the architectural design process itself is included. CIAD is a modular system which can be extended and updated easily. After giving an overview about the system, a module dealing with the detailing of a building design will be explained in-depth. By means of different examples the user gets information about the process. In animation sequences made from different renderings of example designs the process is explained. After that the user is requested to re-execute the different steps. By means of this teachware we create an environment where the user learns more efficiently by working with examples that are made by various CAAD-programs. Additionaly to the primary purpose to give an overview concerning the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for architectural design, the user will be motivated to use ICT as a medium for future work.
Burry, Mark. "The Cost and Value of Animation for Architectural Designers." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 135-144. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. As computers laboratories or studios in architecture schools provide greater access to fast machines and sophisticated software, the opportunity for computer aided animation increases I dimension. Previously the domain of the most enthusiastic, it has now become a relatively simple task to move from 3D to 4D. If the impediments to a common access to these new possibilities (for architects) are no longer a matter of the cost and availability of hardware and media, what measures the extent to which we can value the contribution of animation to studio-based design? This paper reports on our progress in establishing some practical and theoretical benchmarks comparing the cost with the value of computer aided (or mediated) animation.
Strauss, Wolfgang, and Monika Fleischmann. "The House of Illusion: Extending the Boundaries of Space." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 57-66. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The article presents projects on spatial research and Interface Design. The interdisciplinary work was done at ART+COM and the German National Research Center for Information Technology GMD. The work focuses on new notions of space as they emerge from the use of information and communication technologies. As new forms of perception and experience of time and space emerge, new fields of architecture appear. By using the computer as a media our architects office has changed into a Media Space Lab.
Glanville, Ranulph. "The Value when Cybernetics is added to CAAD." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 39-56. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. In this paper it is argued that cybernetics gives added value to design in general and to CAAD in particular. Essential cybernetic concepts are introduced, and are then shown to reflect design. These reflections are shown to be potentially amplifiable by the use of computers through CAAD, if we will and dare it.
Sariyildiz, Sevil, and Mathias Schwenk. "Tools of an Integrated Software Environment for the Architectural Design Process - Concepts, Technologies and Added Value." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 313-328. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. The technological developments in every field of science have an influence on the society and therefore on the design and design process itself. We are forced by the rapid developments in the field of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) to think fundamentally about changes in existing design process as consequence of the influence of this new technology. What will be the way and the method to integrate the new tools in a design process to increase its efficiency and to reach better design results? In this paper we will focus on the three main aspects of using computer tools in an architectural design process. By means of examples we will illustrate our vision concerning the future tools for design developments and their integration into integrated design support systems. We will provide a survey of related problems of the design process and deal with aspects of related disciplines that have to be integrated into the design process.
Breen, Jack. "Virtual Horizons." In AVOCAAD First International Conference Proceedings, 109-124. AVOCAAD. Brussels, Belgium: Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst, Departement Architectuur, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussel, 1997. This essay explores directions for Computer Aided Architectural Design. It focuses on the state of the'art'in the Netherlands - a country which is renowned for a high density of planning, both in its cultivated landscapes and in its urban environments - and investigates in which ways computer aided techniques may be broadening the horizons of Dutch design practitioners and builders. An attempt is made to characterise recent developments within the architectural design community, with respect to the influence of (digital) design media on - stylistic - architectural developments and on the building methods of the nineties.