In the development of 3D models of buildings, much time and effort is spent on enhancing lighting effects, to improve the perceived realism and quality of the models, and to create ambience. In an experimental setup, two versions of a 3D model of the Royal Carré Theater with different lighting conditions were presented to viewers, to assess the influence of lighting effects on their affective appraisals. A small group visited the real theater. The differences between the affective qualities of the models are smaller than expected, and participants seem to infer affective qualities and dimensions of an environment without paying attention to the specific lighting information. The affective qualities of the real theater show a correspondence to both versions.