This article investigates the potential applications of geographic information systems (GIS) in the analysis and simulation of dynamic processes in buildings and explores it within the context of life safety analysis of buildings.  In doing so, the primary focus of the article is to look at how architectural components and spaces can be represented in a spatial database system and what types of methods must be  used in the analysis of such a database. Until now GIS applications have primarily been seen as tools suitable for the analysis of urban design and planning problems, therefore an additional objective here is to bring GIS to the attention of architectural researchers as a potential tool for the representation and analysis of spatial data in architecture.